Supplementation of the mineral Created Stir among netizens
Since becoming pregnant with her third child, Arthur, Kelly Key shares diet, health and fitness tips with other pregnant women on their social networks. But a recent revelation of the singer has generated controversy among followers: she has admitted to supplementing iodine by medical guidance so that the baby has a good development and a higher IQ (intelligence quotient, which measures the intelligence of the human being). The reaction of the public was doubtful, after all, until recently, iodine was not part of the list of essential vitamins and minerals prescribed to pregnant women for the full development of the fetus. “Unless the mother had any dysfunction in the thyroid, supplements of the mineral were not even indicated. However, some recent studies confirm that the lack of iodine in the mother can form fetuses with compromised intellect, “says obstetrician Carla Kikuchi of Hospital and Maternity Santa Joana. But, attention: not all pregnant women need and the dosage varies for the obstetricians, each case needs to be evaluated in isolation, so do not take the supplement on your own!
Check out the answers to some of the most common questions on the subject:
What is the role of iodine in the body of the pregnant woman?
Iodine is present in the production of thyroid hormones, which is essential for the neurological, intellectual and cognitive growth and development of the fetus. “A pregnant woman with severe iodine deficiency may suffer from fetal growth retardation, leading to possible future dysfunction in the baby’s intellectual development,” explains Carla.
Does every pregnant woman need iodine supplementation?
“You can not generalize. Iodine can be obtained from food using cooking salt. But since this reality is not always the most common, prenatal care remains important for the obstetrician to assess the real need for supplementation, “says Carla. Each pregnant woman should be evaluated according to her eating habits – the more organic foods she takes, for example, the less her need for supplementation. ”Too much iodine is not interesting, and it can cause thyroid disorders, which are treated with hormone medicines,” says Carla.
What is the ideal dosage?
According to the obstetrician, the ideal is to ingest between 200 and 400 mcg of iodine daily, always with medical indication. This dosage is roughly equivalent to one serving of salmon, one cup of whole milk, one egg and two slices of yellow cheese. “The pregnant woman can start supplementation even before pregnancy, taking the treatment until the postpartum,” completes Carla. For those who are not pregnant, the ideal is 150 mcg.
yet In 2013, a study by researchers at the Universities of Bristol and Surey, both in the UK, showed that iodine deficiency in pregnancy can affect the intelligence of school-age children. The study looked at a thousand British families and identified lower IQs and reading difficulties in children whose mothers had below normal levels of iodine during gestation.